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When my eldest son was a toddler one of the hardest things was finding ways to engage him. I remember trying to play with him and he would walk away or turn his back on me, I found this really tough. It felt like something had to be new and really exciting for him to get him involved and I just wasn’t good enough.
I hated the question ‘what are his favourite things to do’ and it was the first thing every professional asked. I had no idea what the answer was!
Speech, language and communication skills often begin with asking for help or to request something, hence the need to know what a child may want.
My son is non-verbal and uses the Picture Exchange Communication System® / PECS® and that requires reinforces (items that the child will request). I found finding motivating toys a real challenge at first. When we started with speech therapy we spent a lot of time giving my son chocolate or biscuits because they were the things we knew he wanted more of.
We also use Attention Autism which is a great way to teach attention skills. This again requires you to have motivational items that your child will take an interest in.
How to find out what motivates your child?
In the beginning I found myself thinking that my son had no motivation, no real interests. In reality I wasn’t looking properly, I was expecting typical interests and missing the sensory things or unusual interests.
Everyone has likes and dislikes, but for some children on the spectrum even wanting an item is not enough to motivate them to communicate. So finding highly motivating items is really important. It is well worth you spending a week just working out what your child’s likes and dislikes are. Remember it can take time (and will change over time too), keep going and you will find things that motivate your child.
Watch your child when they have free play time – what they choose to engage with. If they have a special interest then that is brilliant and I would say just run with it using different items that relate to that interest.
Do little tests by offering a number of items one by one, take time to see their reaction to the items. If something is dismissed it is not a preferred item. What do they prefer?
Remember that it is always worth re-introducing items as what motivates your child can change. Children can be really inconsistent so have several motivators on hand then if one doesn’t work you can jump to the next.
Also think about what you want the item for. If it is for Attention Autism you want items that are visually pleasing and something that can be shown. For PECS it needs to be something that the child will want enough to ask for it. With PECS it is also great to have items that can be stopped, or that have lots of bits so it can be asked for over and over again. If you want to use toys for playing with your child, think about which ones they might need your help with and will need to involve you.
Reinforcers and motivating toys
Obviously every child is totally different and will have their own preferences. However I know there was a time I was desperate for some suggestions so I thought it might be helpful to list the things that have worked well for me.
The best motivator is you
You are probably the most versatile thing in the room and being able to make yourself a key motivator is really valuable. Wanting you for interactive games is a great tool for learning communication. Its is also great fun!
My boys love being physical and really enjoy:
- Being lifted in the air
Tickles is a great one for requesting more. Utilising people and even pets can be great motivation, plus this is free and easy to do anytime!
Obviously not actually a toy but food is a great place to start if you are struggling to find motivating items. Even my youngest who hates chocolate cake and biscuits (not really sure how this is possible for a child of mine), can be motivated by marshmallows.
Use snack time and break food up into small pieces so the child needs to ask for more. At first I found we could only use treat foods but slowly we were able to get my son to request other snacks. Food to try:
- Bread sticks
- Rice cakes
- Chocolate (buttons are great)
- Biscuits (packs of mini cookies or chocolate fingers)
For some children using messy and sensory play items can be a great idea.
- Foam Soap is amazing, it can be used anywhere and is really easy to clean up. I like to get it in my hand and clap so it falls everywhere like snow.
- Paint, try to find painting activities where you need to use different colours that can be held back and requested. I recommend buying washable paint to help with the clean up.
- Glitter is something my son loves, it is a nightmare to tidy up but a good way to make some art and craft.
- Playdoh I like the kits as they have some great tools to use with the Playdoh. As a toddler my son would often want help to use the tools.
- Stickers – you can get some lovely Sticker books or magazines. My son prefers to use books that have a set place the sticker is supposed to go rather than the go anywhere approach!
These are the items I use to grab a child’s attention. Perfect for working on speech and language to request more and again. Also great for Attention Autism.
- Bubbles have to be the best thing to get a child’s attention, I have them stashed all over the house. Bubble machines are fantastic.
- Balloons – just blow them up, ‘ready steady go’ and let go.
- Party bag fillers are good options like these foam rockets or whistles.
- A bit pricey but this Click Clack Track and Car always seem to go down well.
- Posting toys like this pig coin box are good. Although my son caught on quickly and used to hide the coins from his speech therapist so he wouldn’t have to keep asking for them.
- Not a favourite of my kids but I have seen many other love electronic animals that walk or do flips like this dog.
- Spinning tops
- Wind up toys like these chattering teeth.
- Pop up toys
- We had a monkey Jack in the box which would have both my boys in fits of laughter as it popped up. A really good one for interacting together.
- Musical instruments sometimes something noisy helps to gain attention.
You may find some good attention grabbing activities in my post on attention builders for Stage 2 of Attention Autism.
My son loves sensory items but it can be hard to get these back sometimes!
- Liquid waterfall toys
- Light up toys like this swivel wand
- A Disco ball
- Physical toys like slides and trampolines can be highly motivating for some kids. I am so thankful for our trampoline.
- Puzzles can be great motivators for some kids.
- Train sets, toddlers often need help putting tracks together.
- Pop up Pirate is very popular game in our house and a good way to get kids taking turns.
- Duplo or building bricks, now my son is older he loves LEGO.
If all else fails I find the iPad (just make sure it’s in a good case) or apps on your phone are very highly motivating. We used puzzle apps with my son at first, I would sit next to him and each time he completed a puzzle (4/5 pieces each) I would take the iPad back and he would need to ask for more. Some apps will require your help so choose wisely.
You may also be interested in my posts about attention grabbers and attention builders.
Let me know what motivators work for you in the comments. Also if you found this helpful you may want to sign up to my monthly newsletter.
This is a great list. Our school really struggles with reinforcers, as David knows the best ones and has difficulty accepting anything but the best. But the more you can find the better I think. thanks for linking to #spectrumsunday and hope to see you again next time.